Automatic speed braking is to be mandatory for new cars from 2022 onwards. In addition, there are said to be dozens of other electronic control systems.
Source: WORLD/ lukas axiopoulos
- The aim is to block the start in the event of excessive alcohol consumption and alert the driver in the event of fatigue or distraction.
- An automatic braking system is designed to prevent drivers from exceeding the speed limit.
N ew cars are to be equipped with a whole range of electronic control systems, such as a speed brake and alcohol immobilizers, as of 2022 to improve road safety. Negotiators from the european parliament and the eU member states agreed on this in brussels this week. The EU paves the way for autonomous driving.
In 2017, according to the EU commission, around 25.300 people killed on europe’s roads. The brussels authority presented the proposal for high-tech driving aids last year. In their view, around 25 percent of all accidents involving cyclists could be prevented by 2038.000 traffic fatalities and 140.000 serious injuries will be avoided. Authorities attribute 90 percent of all accidents to human error. The changes to the law are now also intended to pave the way for a driverless future.
In future, around 30 high-tech driving aids must be installed in cars. In addition to control systems that block the start of the car in the event of excessive alcohol consumption, these also include warning systems that alert the driver in the event of fatigue or distraction. In addition, cameras and sensors for reversing and data recorders for accidents are to be installed – similar to the black boxes in airplanes.
The car automatically reduces speed
Another driving aid is an automatic braking system that prevents drivers from exceeding the speed limit. The guardian reports that the intelligent speed adaption (ISA) system intervenes in the vehicle”s electronics when it detects a speed limit and a speeding violation based on digital road maps or traffic sign recognition. The driver will then first be made aware of this on the display. If the driver does not react, the vehicle automatically reduces its speed. In theory, the driver could deactivate the system temporarily, for example when overtaking. If the driver ignores the speed limit for a longer period of time, however, the vehicle signals the speed limit with conspicuous acoustic and visual warnings.
Trucks are due to be fitted with turn assist systems and sensor systems designed to detect more vulnerable road users alongside vehicles. Mandatory tire pressure measurement systems are also planned. In addition, a modified vehicle design should improve drivers’ visibility.
In germany, federal Transport Minister andreas scheuer (CSU) had strongly advocated technical assistance systems to prevent accidents when trucks turn off the road. When truck drivers, who are usually seated higher up, overlook motorcyclists, cyclists or pedestrians in the blind spot next to their vehicle, serious accidents occur time and again. Turn assistants can emit warning signals or brake automatically.
Turning assistants for trucks could reduce the number of fatal accidents involving cyclists
Last year, the number of cyclists and motorcyclists killed in road traffic increased. According to the ADFC cycling club, at least one cyclist dies every day of the year, most frequently as a result of cars and trucks turning negligently. Turning assistants for trucks could prevent the number of fatal turning accidents involving cyclists, but the ADFC estimates that less than five percent of vehicles are equipped with the technology, which costs around 1,500 euros.
Some of the control systems already exist, especially in luxury cars, said EU industry commissioner elzbieta bienkowska. In the future, however, they should be used in all vehicles. In newly designed vehicle types, the control systems are now to be installed in europe as of 2022. All new cars to be equipped with it from 2024 onwards.
"today, some of the systems are already ready for series production or are at an advanced stage of development," the German Association of the Automotive Industry (VDA) said in response to a query. "active safety systems, which brussels is concerned with, are capable of actively preventing accidents, while passive safety systems, such as seat belts or airbags, are primarily designed to mitigate the consequences of accidents."
changes as radical as the introduction of the first seat belts
The European Traffic Safety Council (ETSC) – a non-governmental organization that aims to make road traffic safer – welcomed the decision. "there have only been a handful of moments in the past 50 years that can be described as milestones for road safety in europe," said ETSC director antonio avenoso. The planned changes are now one of them and are as drastic as the introduction of the first seat belts once was.
The German Automobile Club (ADAC), on the other hand, was more skeptical. He welcomed the vast majority of the measures as they significantly improved road safety, a spokesman said. However, the systems would have to have a positive cost-benefit ratio, mean justifiable additional costs for drivers and be technically mature. "systems for drowsiness detection, for example, would likely document driving behavior and thus touch on data protection issues," he continued.
The agreement reached by EU negotiators must now be officially confirmed by the european parliament and the EU member states before it can come into force.
Protestant church submits petition for 130 speed limit
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