No clear favorite emerges before the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded this Friday. According to the Nobel Committee, a total of 331 nominations were received. U.S. President Trump is not among them, North Korea's strongman Kim Jong Un is.
The nominations are divided among 216 personalities and 115 organizations. This is the second highest number of proposals so far – after the record of 376 in 2016.
World Food Program considered favorite
The head of the Oslo Peace Research Institute Prio has drawn up a list of favorites, as he does every year. Henrik Urdal sees the World Food Program in first place: "Hunger is once again one of the great humanitarian challenges of our time."
He also sees Congolese doctor Denis Mukwege and Yazidi Nadia Murad as top contenders for the prestigious award.
Mukwege operates on women raped in his homeland; Murad, now 25, was abducted as a sex slave by the Islamic State (IS) terror militia in Iraq. Both are leaders in drawing attention to sexual violence in conflict, he said.
U.S. civil rights activist Tarana Burke is also worthy of the prize as a co-initiator of the #MeeToo campaign for the prio-chief. Civilian sea rescue in the Mediterranean also plays a role for Urdal this year: He sees the organizations SOS Mediterranee, "Doctors Without Borders" and the International Rescue Committee as possible prize winners.
Kim Jong Un on the list, Donald Trump not
Several online betting sites name other contenders. So the names of South Korean President Moon Jae In and North Korean strongman Kim Jong Un appear there. Their meeting this year raised hopes for a peace treaty and nuclear disarmament on the Korean Peninsula. U.S. President Donald Trump is also highly coveted due to his meeting with Kim in Singapore.
Most recently, however, media reports stated that Trump would no longer be on the Nobel Committee's list, at least for this year: He was allegedly nominated by an unauthorized person who pretended to have the right to nominate under a false name.
The UN Refugee Agency, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, the imprisoned Saudi blogger Raif Badawi, Pope Francis, the critical Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta, and the U.S. civil rights organization ACLU are also considered possible candidates.
Some award winners controversial
The Nobel Peace Prize was founded by the Swedish chemist and industrialist Alfred Nobel (1833-1896). The inventor of dynamite dedicated the honor to services to international understanding, disarmament and peace. The price is nine million crowns (currently about 870 million crowns).000 euros).
In the history of the award, which has been presented since 1901, a number of laureates have been controversial from the beginning: In recent years, this has been particularly true of U.S. President Barack Obama in 2009 and the EU in 2012.
Traditionally, the prize is awarded on 10. December presented in Oslo, the anniversary of Nobel's death. In 2017, it went to the anti-nuclear weapons alliance Ican.