Expert guide to car recycling with infos& tips on professional car recycling in germany.
Old cars can quickly become a cost trap. Not only because cars that are getting on in years consume more fuel. Also, the repairs become more numerous and frequent over time.
If your old vehicle can no longer be sold as a used car, it is worthwhile to go to a professional car recycling in two respects.
Namely for your wallet and the environment.
How to distinguish between old and used cars
To distinguish an old vehicle from a used vehicle is of great importance. Because if you sell an old car as a used car – no matter if accidentally or intentionally – you are committing a disorderly conduct.
And this can be expensive.
But: when is a car considered an end-of-life vehicle and when as a used car?
According to waste legislation, it is an end-of-life vehicle as soon as you, as the owner, have disposed of your dispose of the car, want to dispose of the car or have to dispose of the car.
This is especially true when:
- The car is a total loss
- Leakage of operating fluids from the vehicle
- The vehicle is unsafe to drive
In distinction to this, a used car:
- Directly operational
- Needs only minor repairs
- And has only slight damage to the engine and axles
Bringing old cars to the scrap yard or manufacturer – what is worthwhile??
With the end-of-life vehicle ordinance, the manufacturers of automobiles are obligated since 2007, discarded cars free of charge to take back (§ 3 altfahrzeugv). However, this step is only advisable if your car should actually be sold by a no residual value own.
Taking them back from the manufacturer can end up costly for you (§ 3 paragraph 4 altfahrzeugv), if:
- Changes in the vehicle registration have been made
- Important car parts missing
- The bodywork waste is mixed in
- The vehicle before decommissioning not registered for a whole month was
- The car no EU registration owned
- your vehicle tuned have
The situation is different if you dispose of your old car via a professional car recycler. on the one hand this often goes faster, as this is specialized in environmentally friendly scrapping.
In addition, in this case you have the chance, to get the residual value paid out.
Car recycling: what is it exactly?
Car recycling is essentially about recycling motor vehicles environmentally compatible to dispose and recovering raw materials, that are built into them.
This includes, for example:
- scrap metal
- Aggregates such as engines, axle parts, alternators and transmissions
- interior equipment such as seats, body parts, hoods and doors
- electrical equipment such as switches, headlights and taillights
Why should I have my old car recycled?
There are 3 valid reasons, why it pays to have your old car recycled and scrapped.
1. You avoid a criminal offense
For one, you are committing a crime if you leave a wrecked car on the side of the road. According to §326 stgb it is a illegal disposal, which carries a hefty fine of up to 50.000 euro penalties can be imposed. In the worst case it even comes to imprisonment.
Therefore, the last owner of a vehicle at the registration office always has a certificate of disposal submit. You can only get this from a certified recycling company.
If there is no proof of proper disposal at the car scrap yard, you are suspected of illegally disposing of the old car (at the roadside, public places) or storing it (z.B. To be had in private garages).
2. You make a valuable contribution to environmental protection
Cars not only contain a lot of valuable materials, but also environmentally hazardous substances. First of all:
- Brake fluid
- Engine oil
- transmission oil
These substances cause considerable damage if they are released into the environment. For this reason end-of-life vehicles are classified as hazardous waste (according to waste shipment regulations). In order to prevent environmental damage, illegal car disposal is punishable by law.
Equally important is resource conservation by the vehicle recycling. This is how valuable raw materials such as metal, glass and plastic can be recycled to a high standard are returned to the raw material cycle.
3. You make plus with your old
Almost every end-of-life vehicle is still in a residual value: these are the components that are suitable for reuse and thus have a market value. This residual value will be paid by the car recycler.
4. you save time and effort
Many car recyclers pick up old cars from you free of charge. In addition, many companies take over the deregistration modalities, so that you do not have to worry about anything.
Our spare parts categories
Which papers do I need for car recycling??
Basically only their vehicle registration document and vehicle title. If the car recycler takes over the deregistration of the car, he must certify that the documents have been handed over and that the car has been disposed of properly.
How does a car recycling work?
Either have your old car picked up by a certified car recycling company or take it to the scrap yard yourself. At the delivery appraised a professional mechanic the vehicle exactly.
As a seller you will receive a certain amount, depending on vehicle model, condition and estimated recycling possibility. Finally, you will receive a recycling certificate issued. In addition to the vehicle registration document, vehicle title and license plates, you will need this in order to properly deregister the vehicle at the registration office.
Used car sale to the car recycling provider
If your end-of-life vehicle is registered by the car recycler as a used cars classified, it can be resold. Be sure to include a written purchase contract with the dealer. So you are legally on the safe side.
Where can I find a car recycling in the area?
Your old car may only be certified dismantler or. To be scrapped at a recognized car scrap dealer. A suitable car recyclers near you the best way to do this is through register of gesa for the car recycling:
A list of certified car recyclers can be found on the following website
common place old vehicles
of the federal states (gesa)
What does the car recycling cost me??
Here in particular determination of the residual value crucial. Because this ultimately decides whether you pay for the disposal of the car at the scrap yard or get money out of it.
One thing is clear: the car recycler incurs financial expenses for the collection, examination, dismantling and pressing of the end-of-life vehicle. The costs, however, are deducted from the residual value deducted, so that consumers can possibly expect a plus.
The fee for a car scrapping is on average approx. 100 euro. If the provider collects the end-of-life vehicle from your home, there may be a charge of. Another 100 euros to. For this the deregistration is mostly taken over free of charge.
current prices: how much do i get for my old?
But how much does a car recycling company actually pay for end-of-life vehicles?? What you get for your old car is determined by the provider and your negotiating skills depending.
If there are still a lot of components that are in a saleable condition, the old car can even earn you something. At ideal case the profit is between 100 and 300 euros.
Extra tip for car recycling: what do i have to pay attention to??
First get a overview about the car recyclers in your immediate vicinity. Don’t just go for the first one you see, call or go online to get the best one several offers a.
Very important: always ask additional services, how to remove and deregister. And inform yourself in advance about fees incurred.
How exactly does car recycling work??
Depending on the autorecycler there are different methods, to recycle accident cars, defective cars or vehicles that are not roadworthy. The most common procedure is compaction of the car. Alternatively fractionation of the car wreck to.
the basis: dismantling of car parts
Before usable auto spare parts can be extracted, some basic steps are required. For example, according to the end-of-life vehicle ordinance, all car recycling companies are first obliged to recycle liquids and operating materials (z.B. fuels, radiator fluid, refrigerant, engine oil, hydraulic oil etc.) and store them separately.
This way the soil and groundwater protected from contamination.
first remove all car parts that still work and are salable. However, materials and spare parts that can be recycled or not scrapped must also be dismantled.
The special thing about it: especially oldtimers, for which often no new car parts are produced anymore, profit from the recycling of used parts. In general, used car parts from the auto scrap trade are always in demand, as they are many times cheaper be sold.
Compaction – the best known method in car recycling
After the complete dismantling of used parts and recyclable raw materials, the so-called final recycling: the car is scrapped. The compaction describes nothing else than that compressing the car with a scrap press and the subsequent fractionation with a shredder.
The car recycler has to take the wreck to a shredder or to a company that produces and processes steel. The more compact the raw materials can be transported, the less it costs to transport the vehicle remains.
Fractionation in specialized shredding plants
Fractionation also involves the removal of residues from old cars shredded. there are currently 65 shredding companies in germany.
Here the shredding (also called hammer mill) the vehicle into fist sized pieces.
The actual fractionation then takes place. In several stages the parts separated by category (fraction), that are:
- (magnetic) metals
- Light metals
- And the like more
What is left over residual materials (RESH = residual materials + shredder), which are sent for disposal to waste incineration plants or landfills. SR materials are mostly plastics, but glass, sand, rust, varnish, wood fibers, leather and cardboard also count as non-recyclable residual materials.
The metallic shredded scrap (iron, steel) is in turn steel production in metallurgical plants, 50% of the raw materials now come from scrap waste.