Questions and answers

From 1. Until 29. This year, the month of Ramadan takes place on August 1 for millions of Muslims worldwide. During this time, most of them are not allowed to eat or drink daily from dawn until sunset. Some questions and answers from the Central Association of Muslims in Germany about Ramadan.

Question: What is Ramadan?

Response: The fasting month of Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, which begins with the appearance of the first crescent moon after the new moon and lasts 29 or 30 days. 2011 it takes place from 1. until 29. August takes place. The word "Ramadan" is Arabic and means "burning heat. This month, the Prophet Muhammad is said to have been given about 1.400 years ago the first suras would have been revealed.
Question: How is fasting done during Ramadan?

Response: On each day of this month, the believer must abstain from eating, drinking, smoking and sexual intercourse from dawn until sunset.
Question: What is the purpose of the Islamic month of fasting?

Response: Fasting during this month is one of the five pillars of Islam. In this month, the Muslim should learn the special meaning of God's creation and grace through his daily fasting and enjoy God's gifts very intensely. Together with the five daily prayers and additional Koran recitations, the entire month represents a very intense religious experience.
Question: To whom does the obligation to fast apply?

Response: Islamic fasting is a commandment that is directed at healthy people who do not come to any harm through fasting. This obligation affects all Muslims from sexual maturity onwards. This is determined by the first menstrual period for girls and the first ejaculation for boys. Voluntary fasting is desired before this time.
Question: Which people are exempt from fasting?

Response: Old, sick and weak people, as well as travelers, pregnant women, women who have recently given birth and menstruating women are exempt from the obligation to fast. Diabetics are not allowed to fast during Ramadan. If a nursing mother is in good health to fast during Ramadan and this does not harm the child, fasting is an obligation for her.
Question: In which months do Muslims fast?

Response: Fasting is obligatory in the month of Ramadan, and in the months of Muharram (1. lunar month) and Shaaban (8. Lunar month) fasting is desired.
Question: What happens when someone can't fast?

Response: If someone cannot observe the fasting period during Ramadan, he is allowed to make up for the missing days of fasting at another time.
Question: What happens at the end of Ramadan?

Response: The end of Ramadan is marked by the festival of breaking the fast, called Ramazan Bayram-i or Eid by Turks. Traditionally, friends and relatives give each other gifts of sweets.

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