Representatives of the conflicting parties in South Sudan have reached another agreement in Rome to implement the ceasefire reached in February. The talks were mediated by the community of Sant'Eigido.
The agreement reached representatives of the armed opposition, which has yet to sign the September 2018 peace deal, and the government in Juba. Accordingly, the "South Sudan Opposition Movements Alliance" (SSOMA) is also to participate in conflict resolution and reconstruction measures starting in January 2021.
Monitoring these measures for lasting peace is the responsibility of a specially created, internationally staffed monitoring group, CTSAMVM. The three-day meeting in Rome was the fourth overall to implement peace efforts for South Sudan. In the process, SSOMA representatives were briefed on details of the monitoring, said their representative, General Samuel Lodo.
Sant'Egidio mediates for years in South Sudan
Financial and logistical support for efforts in South Sudan comes from the Italian government, among others. The Minister of Defense, Lorenzo Guerini, was present at one point during the workshop, according to Paolo Impagliazzo, Secretary General of Sant'Egidio. The Christian community has been mediating in South Sudan for years and invites to negotiations in Rome.
Ismail Wais, special envoy of IGAD, a regional organization of states in northeast Africa that is accompanying the peace process in South Sudan, called the talks constructive and successful. After the negotiations of the military ones now the politically responsible ones would have to work further with a further round.
The negotiations are overshadowed by an investigation report of the UN Commission for Human Rights. The latter accuses the opponents of the civil war of having "deliberately starved" civilians according to their ethnicity. Other means of warfare were sexual abuse and the recruitment of boys from the age of 12 into the army and rebel forces. The monitor group CTSAMVM is to clarify also these questions with.