For Muslims begins the fasting month Ramadan 2019 on 5. May and ends on 4. June. Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam, as are the profession of faith, daily prayers, the tax on the poor and the pilgrimage to Mecca.
The month of Ramadan, the ninth in the Islamic lunar year, wanders through the calendar year. Ramadan begins and ends when the crescent moon is visible again for the first time after new moon. The start may vary from country to country.
In Germany, the Islamic associations have agreed on common data since 2008. Saudi Arabia and many other Arab countries are waiting for the sighting of the crescent moon. During Ramadan, believers are called upon to abstain from food, drink, smoking and sexual intercourse from sunrise to sunset. The fasting commandment applies equally to men and women. Exempt from fasting are the old and sick, children, pregnant women and travelers, as well as soldiers at war.
Highlight is "Night of Destiny
Ramadan is also the month of good deeds and the Purification of body and soul. Humanity and reconciliation are at the center, the faithful pay the Tax on the poor Zakat Or support those in need.
However, the month of fasting is not one of the four months in the Islamic calendar in which war is expressly forbidden. Because also the Prophet Mohammed Has fought battles in Ramadan and even conquered the holy city of Mecca.
The climax of the last third of the fasting month is the "Lailat al-Qadr", the "Night of Destiny", in which, according to tradition, the Prophet Muhammad was for the first time Verses of the Koran have been revealed. Many Muslims then pray through the night as they hope for forgiveness of their sins.
Ramadan is followed by the festival of breaking the fast
Mosques host Quranic teachings throughout the month. In the evening, Muslims gather with relatives and friends for a sumptuous meal. In many Islamic countries, stores and authorities shorten working hours during the month of fasting. In some countries, fasting in public is even strictly supervised.
Ramadan is followed by the festival of breaking the fast, which outwardly resembles the Christian celebration of Christmas. Read here how Muslims celebrate Eid at the end of Ramadan. Most religions know about fasting periods.Christians fast from Ash Wednesday to Easter. (epd)