The pope and women

An increase in the quota of women by 100 percent: At the executive level of the Vatican, this has been achieved with a stroke of the pen by Pope Benedict XVI. happen. The only female executive at the Holy See to date, Enrica Rosanna, a nun in the Congregation for Religious Affairs, has a colleague in the Pontifical Council "Iustitia et Pax" as of this week.

It is the Roman political scientist Flaminia Giovanelli. Both hold the position of undersecretary, which would correspond to a state secretary in a secular ministry. No woman has ever made it further, and Giovannelli is just the third to ever achieve this rank. The pontifical human rights council is well off with the personnel decision of course. In its own social teachings, the Catholic Church constantly demands respect for women's rights. However, this has nothing to do with stubborn quota regulations. From the magisterial point of view, the Creator wisely designed human beings as male and female. In his New Year's address to diplomats, Benedict XVI warned. therefore just again from "touching the biological basis of the distinction of the sexes in the name of the fight against discrimination". On the other hand, he also previously considered offering women, who largely carry church life at the grassroots level, "more space, more positions of responsibility, even in the leadership ministry". Gradually profilie Giovanelli obviously has the right qualifications for this: Academic, worldly, articulate and fundamentally Catholic. Born in Rome in 1948, she graduated from the international Ecole Europeenne in Brussels. After a degree in political science, she trained as a librarian at the venerable Vatican Library and studied religious studies at the Pontifical Gregorian University. In between, at the age of 26, she joined "Iustitia et Pax" as a small technical advisor. Gradually she distinguished herself in the church authority with seat in the Roman quarter Trastevere as an expert for development-political questions. As such, she maintained important contacts with institutions such as the International Labor Organization (ILO), the European Union and the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (ECOSOC). On the side, she also sits on the ecumenical contact group of the Holy See and the World Council of Churches. Ultimately, it was under Giovanelli's leadership that the Vatican moratorium on the global economic crisis – the call for a new financial system, published in the run-up to the 2008 Doha Round – came into being. In March of this year, she organized a major conference on the role of women in the promotion of human rights. Growing share in the world of work Her appointment completes the restructuring of the leadership of the Pope's Ministry of Human Rights and Development. Only in October Benedict XVI. Cardinal Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson appointed successor to Cardinal Renato Raffaele Martino. Bishop Mario Toso, until now rector of the Salesian University in Rome, has also been sitting at the side of the Ghanaian president since October. The fact that women are claiming a growing share in the world of work and thus also claiming leadership roles – this trend may also be rubbing off on the Vatican. As far as top positions are concerned, however, women are grossly underrepresented even in secular fields: In major U.S. corporations, for example, female managers make up just two percent – compared to 98 percent of male colleagues. The Vatican, meanwhile, still seems a bit unsure how to deal with the new phenomenon: When Rosemary Goldie, an Australian, pioneered the lay council's top job during the period of upheaval following the Second Vatican Council (1962-65), the Pontifical Yearbook respectfully called her "vice-secretary.". Rosanna in the order congregation, on the other hand, is listed under the masculine form "Sotto-Segretario". Remains to be seen what title Flaminia Giovanelli will receive.

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