Symbolic image of crowd © View Apart (shutterstock)
In the past year, 778 people in Germany have been.100 babies born. That was about 9.400 girls and boys less than in the previous year, as the Federal Statistical Office announced in Wiesbaden on Monday.
According to the study, if the number of births is put in relation to the number of inhabitants, there were mathematically 9.4 newborns per 1.000 inhabitants. In the previous year, this ratio had been 9.5 children per 1.000 inhabitants slightly higher.
The births were offset by 939.500 deaths compared to. This meant that 161 died.400 more people than children were born. In 2018, the difference was 167.400 still somewhat larger. That there are more deaths than births in Germany is a long-term demographic trend that has continued since 1972. Compared to 2018, when the figures had been affected by a strong flu epidemic, around 1.6 percent fewer people died in 2019 (2018: 954.900).
Germany in EU comparison
According to the statistics, Germany was slightly above the EU average in terms of births and deaths in 2019. With 9.4 births per 1.000 inhabitants, slightly more children were born in Germany than the EU average of 9.3 children. In terms of deaths, EU member states averaged 10.4 deaths per 1.000 inhabitants, in Germany the figure was 11.3. The highest number of deaths occurred in Bulgaria (15.5), the lowest in Ireland (6.3). The EU average is reportedly preliminary, the figure for Ireland estimated.
The number of marriages also declined in 2019, with a total of 416.300 marriages in Germany. In 402.300 cases, a man and a woman married, with about 14.000 same-sex couples got married.
View of the marriages
Thus, the number of marriages decreased by 7.4 percent overall compared to 2018 (2018: 449.500). 2018, a particularly large number of marriages had been counted, partly as a result of the introduction of "marriage for all" in October 2017. The 2018 results also include marriages between people of the same sex that took place between October and December 2017. In addition, conversions of registered civil partnerships into marriages are also included in the figures.
Overall, the number of same-sex marriages fell by about a third in 2019 (2018: 32.800). If the special effects are excluded and only the same-sex marriages without conversions are considered, then in 2019, with 9.200 marriages, only 0.7 percent fewer than in 2018 (9.300), as it was called. The number of marriages between men and women had also risen again in 2018, reaching its highest level since 2001 (2018: 416.600). In 2019, it decreased by 3.4 percent.